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St. John's Cemetery-Frederick

St. John's Catholic Cemetery (1845 - Present)

St. John's Catholic Cemetery is the beautiful resting ground for an interesting and distinguished group of early settlers, historic figures, Jesuits and Civil War soldiers.

The cemetery was first used in 1832. On September 25th of that year, a free black man named Henry, who died of cholera, was the first person buried here. The cemetery was officially established in 1845. In 1903, additional graves were moved from the old Jesuit Graveyard, when the Jesuits left Frederick.

Jesuit Novitiate Cemetery (1805-1904)

More than half of the seventy-nine Jesuits now interred in St. John's Cemetery were originally buried in an earlier graveyard behind the chapel of the former Novitiate established in 1834 on East Second Street. The Graveyard was started in 1805 by Father John DuBois, who also built Frederick's first Church of Saint John the Evangelist in 1800 across the street from the present church. In 1808, he founded Mount Saint Mary's College and Seminary in Emmitsburg, twenty miles north of Frederick on U.S. Route 15, near the Basilica of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton and the Grotto of Lourdes.

Others who were first buried in the Novitiate Cemetery include Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney (d.1864) and his mother Monica (d.1814). Chief Justice Taney served as Attorney General and Secretary of the Treasury under President Andrew Jackson, and as Chief Justice swore in seven presidents, including Abraham Lincoln. Probably best known for the Dred Scott decision, Chief Justice Taney is considered by many to be one of the great Chief Justices. Mr. Taney served from 1836 to 1864. Chief Justice Taney was the brother-in-law of Francis Scott Key, author of The Star-Spangled Banner. 

Father John McElroy

One of the most interesting of the Jesuits was Father John McElroy, S.J. who worked tirelessly for Catholicism in the early years of this country. Father John McElroy was born in Enniskillen, Ireland in May 1782. He came to America in 1803 and was ordained in 1817. Father McElroy was pastor of St. John's Church from 1822 until 1845. In 1837, he oversaw the construction of the present church building. This beautiful structure was the first Roman Catholic Church consecrated in what was then the United States. 

Father McElroy became the first U.S. Army chaplain in 1846 and served in the Mexican-American War. In 1863, he founded Boston College. When Father McElroy died at age 95 in 1877, he was the oldest living Jesuit in the world.

The French

A number of French settlers are buried in St. John's Cemetery. Those include John Payne Boisneuf, who was one of those who condemned Marie Antoinette to the guillotine. Bellumeau de La Vincendi`ere was a refugee of the Negro Insurrection of 1791 in the French colony of St. Domingue. Next to Mr. Vincendi`ere lies his grandson, Enoch Louis Lowe, who was Maryland's twenty-ninth governor.

Two of Napoleon's soldiers who survived Waterloo are nearby: Francis Lueber and Herman Weber. Peter Nicolas Simard, a member of the French Legion of Honor, is also buried here.

The Soldiers

Soldiers from every armed conflict in which this nation was involved are represented. Revolutionary War soldier George Littlejohn, who fought for England in the Battle of Saratoga, is buried at St. John's. He was imprisoned in Frederick's Hessian Barracks during the war and remained here after his parole.

You may also visit the grave of Hugh McSweeney, who helped quell Pennsylvania's "Whiskey Rebellion" in 1794. The training ground for this action was on the site of what is now the Visitation Convent. Both Yankee and Confederate Civil War soldiers are buried here, as this was home for many who were killed during the war, or died following their return. Union soldiers buried in the old novitiate graveyard, many who died of their wounds while receiving care at area hospitals, were moved to St. John's Cemetery when the old graveyard was closed. Many burials took place following Frederick's Battle of the Monocacy, which saved the National Capital, and following nearby fighting in Gettysburg and Antietam. Some of these soldiers include Col. John Haydon (2nd MD inf., USA), Christopher Steves, killed in Virginia serving with the 1st MD Cav., CSA, and Capt. William Dorsey (1st MD Cav., CSA) Veterans of both World Wars, and the conflicts in Korea and Vietnam, also lie at rest in St. John's Cemetery.

More Politician & Notables

In addition to Judge Taney and Governor Lowe, the cemetery holds Judge Madison Nelson, Chief Justice of Maryland's Sixth Judicial District, James McSherry, a Maryland writer and historian, and his son the Honorable James McSherry, Jr., former Chief Judge of the Maryland Court of Appeals; Outerbridge Horsey, was a U.S. Senator from Delaware, General Lewis Victor Baughman, president of the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal and former Maryland State Comptroller; and Leonard Smith, who founded Brunswick and Jefferson, Maryland. John Tehan, the architect and builder of St. John's Church, and many other Frederick buildings, is buried at St. John's Cemetery.


Photos from our visit, click here (all have been downloaded to the 'Find A Grave' site as well).


Transcriptions from our visit:

Last Name First Middle Nee Month Day Year Month Day Year
Ahlers Louis  A


1891

1943
Ahlers C Rebecca


1882

1963
Baer John R



8 30 1914
Baer Margaret E  


  12 24 1907
Bartgis Lloyd C


1889

1950
Bartgis Delia S


1889

1953
Bauer Mary

10 5 1917 7 23 1997
Baughman Mary Louise



10 30 1917
Baughman John W



8 31 1872
Baughman Mary Jane Jamison


3 2 1904
Baughman Adelaide






1852
Baughman Louis  Victor






Baughman E Austin
10 10 1882 8 1 1946
Baughman Helen
Abell 12 8 1856 8 10 1946
Boone Naomi




11 3 1817
Boone Catherine Frank


  1 17 1872
Boone Marcellina

6 3 1803 9 3 1884
Boone Harriett






1861
Boone Journing






 
Bowers Catharine




10 22 1889
Bradley Bernhard




3 25 1862
Brady Susan




8
1845
Bruchey William D
10 31 1840 12 10 1916
Bruchey Mary  E
10 10 1856 5 4 1922
Bueck Charles F
7 3 1859 6 25 1887
Burck
A



12 13 1911
Byrne Margaret




3 29 1842
Byrne Ann Margaret



3 22 1846
Byrne Rebecca




9 6  
Clark Kyle G
11 26 1923 11 14 1990
Clark Dorothy L
9 9 1920

 
Cramer Jennie C
11
1859 11 28 1886
Crouse Rudolph

9 14 1872 12 19 1956
Crouse Mary E
2 15 1882 2 13 1911
Crutchley Mary Eleanor
3 19 1885 2 5 1931
Deck Joseph



  8 12 1862
Deck Mary
 


6 10 1864
Diffendal J Marshall
3 16 1854 6 4 1939
Diffendal M Annette
1 6 1861 7 6 1934
Diffendal John Lewis
10 29 1892 8 18 1893
Diffendal Louise B
2 17 1887 8 30 1930
Diffendal Pauline Annette
6 10 1891 7 31 1975
Dredden George

9 15 1929 9 1 2010
Dutrow Cornelia

4 1 1808 7 8 1891
Dutrow Jacob

10 10 1801 12 11 1870
Ebberts Chas. William
4 29 1869 11 23 1932
Eisenhauer Joseph F  
7 27 1848 1 23 1922
Eisenhauer Mary E
2 12 1843 5 27 1912
Eisenhauer J Ward
6 26 1875 7 22 1892
Eisenhauer John Francis



6 13 1925
Eisenhauer Margaret L


  10 25 1944
Eisenhauer Mary



  12 11 1947
Elder Eva M


  5 10 1887
Erbe Mary Jane


  7 8 1929
Garner William  Henry
2 4 1944 12 30 1992
Geise William




11 4 1862
Gilbert Margret

7 23 1916 9 23 1925
Gilbert Marietta

7 27 1875 5 27 1964
Gouker Clara



1899

1944
Grumbine Edythe



1884

1960
Hagan Charlotte E
10 6 1938 1 27 1939
Hahn Lilliam M


1922

1926
Hahn Daisy E


1886

1944
Hahn David M


1950

1950
Hahn Jacob M


1880

1942
Hahn Michael



1840 5 9 1903
Hahn Catharine



1853

1924
Hammond Janie I


1867

1936
Hanshew Helena
Neidhardt

  9 23 1932
Harding A Maria   5 12 1814 3 30 1894
Hartman David



  3 18 1862
Hartman Charles F


1905

1982
Hartman John M


1867

1925
Hartman Mary C


1865

1944
Hartman Margaret M


1897

1964
Herring Cora

12 21 1864 12 2 1939
Herring Edward

6 18 1858 4 10  
Herring George
  10 31 1891 2 5 1973
Herring Cecelia
Beckley 12 6 1886 2 18 1971
Hiner Marvin L
9 28 1928 1 13 2000
Hiner Joan B
4 5 1932 11 22 2004
Houff Joseph



 

 
Houff Bridgett



1854

1920
Kehne Charles  A
9 1 1833 4 18 1897
Kehne Johanna

7 25 1846 3 4 1913
Kehne Charles L


1867

1928
Kehne Katherine M


  6 10 1950
Kehne Roy

1 20 1882 9 19 1902
Koontz Henry



  10 30 1905
Koontz Rebecca



  5 20  
Lease Annie Mary


1871

1953
Lebherz Augustus
 

1871

1924
Lebherz Theresa C


1873

1951
Lebherz Patricia Pat'


1953

2010
Lebherz Margaret
Staley 5 7 1922 2 2 2003
Lebherz William Bennett
8 25 1919 2 23 2010
Lebherz William

8 24 1869 2 23 1938
Lebherz Margaret
Bennett 7 15 1860 11 14 1925
Lebherz Joseph



 

 
Lebherz Margaret



 

 
Lebherz Balthaser



 

 
Lebherz Annie
 

 

 
Leilich Genevieve
Burck

1864

1934
Lilly Mary Alphonsa  

1810

1845
Lilly Anastatia
  3 12 1796 3 30 1864
Little Regina
Craig 4 4 1904 8 20 1974
Lowe Adelaide V


  3 29 1861
Lowe Enoch Louis 
8 26 1845 6 12 1852
Lowe James  Polk


1865

1869
Lowe Enoch Louis
8 10 1828 8 23 1892
Lowe Esther
Polk 2 29 1824 12 1 1918
Lowe Vivian Polk
7 26 1852 4 23 1923
Lueber Francis
 

  3 12 1859
Lueber Lizzy



  3 19 1852
Lueber John



  8 22 1842
Lueber Aloysius



 

1851
Lynch James W


  3 18 1862
Mantz Elizabeth H
6 7 1816 4 10 1889
Mealler M Frank
4 13 1854 8 9 1914
Melgenevich Joseph




6 5 1923
Nahn Thomas
 

  7 18 1873
Nahn Rosa



 

 
Neidhard Rudolph A
11 4 1843 2 4 1919
Neidhard Caroline

8 9 1846 4 27 1927
Neidhardt J William
6 23 1872 1 17 1963
Neidhardt Anna M
6 4 1873 1 22 1946
Neihoff Beltzer

5 3 1764 7 7 1817
Riddlemoser Jacob F


 

 
Riddlemoser James






 
Riddlemoser Ephram



1804 4 2 1892
Riddlemoser Joseph A


 

1897
Riddlemoser Charles F


  12 18 1859
Riddlemoser Jacob




9 1 1860
Rohrer Edna  I
4 20 1921 2 17 2006
Rowe James C
2 18 1875 12 13 1957
Rowe Nellie Lee
3 30 1876 7 29 1937
Ruck Duane Anthony
11 13 1954 6 25 1994
Seitz Ella B
8 31 1885 10 27 1949
Shanley Timothy L



10 1 1862
Slack Eneanor  M   8 22 1909 8 5 1992
Slack Clarence R
11 9 1908 2 8 1967
Smith Albert S   11 16 1874 1 15 1923
Smith William Meredith


1877

1962
Smith Ruth  E


1893

1973
Snyder John J
8 9 1869 2 28 1949
Snyder Anna M
2 28 1867 6 8 1946
Spankle Mary
Steele 3 29   2 25 1995
Spankle Carolyn
  5 1 1917 8 27 1988
Spankle Albert  
4 21 1916 5 29 2003
Staley Rebecca  M Wilson

1861

1926
Stauffer May






 
Stegman John







Stonebraker Hattie
Boone 5 21 1856 7 30 1909
Stonebraker William F   6 29 1857 10 22 1910
Strailman Ida M
3 25 1860 4 21 1934
Strailman Marion Y
5 31 1865 7 28 1898
Stubbs Victoire

8 14 1854 9 9 1933
Summers John E
10 16 1894 6 25 1970
Summers Elias A
1 27 1872 6 30 1947
Summers Martha R


  12 30 1922
Taney Roger Brooke


1777

1864
Tehan Eliza
 

  11 8 1892
Tetard Mary

8 22 1873 10 9 1955
Tyler Genevieve



1792

1839
Wachter Medora H   8 14 1920 10 24 1995
Wachter Ralph

3 6 1918

 
Wars Luzon Wesley
10 3 1908 4 23 1960
Waters Harry H





1922
Waters Mary






1920
Weaver S Josephine
3 6 1844 10 3 1907
Weaver William

4 14 1844 2 8 1917
Webb Annie
Carter 7 8 1849 4 15 1931
Wells Rita  Jane Crutchley 4 20 1905 7 10 1993
Whisner Joseph P 
3 21 1867 6
 
Whisner Margaret T
4 4 1867 1 27 1926
Wickless Anthony A



2 26 1926
Wickless Laura V


  1 7 1904
Wickless Jane Gertrude
5 31 1897 12 24 1965
Wideman Frederick




11 15 1862
Wilcom Susannah



1800

1875
Wilcom Jerome



1839

1907
Wilcom Casper



1832

1898
Wilcom John



1835

1876
Wilcom Joseph



  9 16 1859
Williams Rebecca
Stuart

  8 8 1856
Worley Mary

4 3 1840 5 3 1916
Worley Anna L   5 6 1854 4 18 1918
Worley William R   1 25 1813 1 11 1892
Wright Kenneth T
4 21 1902 8 6 1986
Wright Margaret W
1 22 1900 8 22 1995
Yingling Vincent D   3 14 1871 5 25 1942
Zeigler Elizabeth

11
1820 2
1926
Zeigler Walter F
9 8 1882 1 18 1921
Zimmerman Annie E


1875

1943
Zimmerman Joseph D


1877

1945


Cemetery Address:

East Fourth Street
Frederick
Frederick County
Maryland  USA
Phone: 301-662-8288


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