German Newspapers

German Newspapers in Maryland (1785 to Present)

"The language of our fathers is passing away, although the spirit and genius survive"


Bartgis’s Marylandische Zeitung*




Frederick-There have been many discussions over the nationality of Bartgis...

Bartgis-Notes & Documents

Bärtgis Family came from Kleinich near Bernkastel-Michael Bärtges, a tanner by trade, son of Matthias of Kleinich and himself of Kelinich, was granted permission to go to Pennsylvania on May 14, 1748, by the Sponheim authorities.  Bärtgis and several others were allowed to leave ‘in order to perfect themselves in their chosen trades.  His brother Joann Georg Bärtgis received a similar authorization on April 27, 1748.  The record should finally settle the question as to whether Bärtgis was of French or German stock.

(From Society for the History of Germans in Maryland)

CHAPTER XV.-Maryland. (96-98) Maryland General Assembly

'THE first German paper in the state of Maryland was established by Matthias Bartgis at Frederick in the year 1785. He was before this time publishing the English Maryland Chronicle and Universal Advertiser, and in its issue of January 18, 1786, he refers to his German paper, but he does not mention its title nor any other facts connected with it. It is not known how long he published the German paper.  The place of publication was then called Fredericktown.




Mention of the first paper, but no name of the paper, only that it was begun in Baltimore on 6-14-1786 as a weekly by Henry Dulhaier at his printing office on Market Street at the price of ten shillings per annum. 

Der hoch Deutsch Americanische Land and City Calendar








Published by various publishers under various names:

Gruber & May

William Warner

Schäffer & Maund


Source: The first century of German Printing in America 1728-1830, pg 136  1


Baltimore 1797- 1831(Samuel Saur)1 (Johann Hanzische)

(Der Neue hochs Deutsche Americanische Calender auf das Jahr Christi)

Hagerstown 1799-1831 (Gruber & May)

(Der neue Nord Americanische Stadt und Land Calender, Auf das Jahr)

Bartgis's General Staatsbothe





Friederich-Stadt [i.e., Frederick], Frederick County: Matthias Bartgis[2]

Der Neue Unpartheyische Baltimore Bote[3] und Marylander Staats-Register





Samuel Saur2


 Die Hornisse

Matthias Bartgis, (see first entry), started Die Hornisse (The Hornet) in Frederick in German and English. The paper's motto was: "For the Republicans I will sing, But Aristocrats shall feel my sting." The paper was published ten years, until 18 13.

Der Baltimore Correspondent



The Reading Adler of Feb. 21 prints a German Yankee " Dudel" credited to the Baltimore Correspondent.1

Assumed printed by Christian Cleim.  Have also seen the onset year as 1808.





Publisher:  Charles T. Melsheimer

Der Deutsche Washington Corredpondent



Deutsche Washington Correspondent which John Gruber established at Hagerstown in 1795. He had been in business in Philadelphia, but at the solicitation of Gen. Ringold removed to Hagerstown in the year named and started the above paper. Washington is the name of the county in which Hagerstown is located. . 

It was continued a number of years but was not a permanent success. See Scharff, History of Western Maryland, vol. 2, p. 1141. J. Gruber (1768 —1857)1

Hagerstauner Wochenschrift

Various Dates indicated




Mentioned in the Lancaster Volksfreund, December 31, 1811[1]

Publisher: Gruber & May

Mr. Gruber died in 1855 at the age of 90.

Die Westliche Correspondez und Haegerstauner Wochenschrift



Hagerstown; Johann Gruber

1813-1825 Gruber & May

Die Hornitte or

Republican Advocate



M. Bartges also printed and published from 1803 to 1813 a paper called ‘The Hornet’ in English and German with the Motto:  To the Republicans I will sing, But Aristocrats shall feel my sting. [4]

General Staatsbothe, und wahre Republicaner





Friedrichtaun [i.e. Frederick], Frederick County: M. E. Bartgis und Co.) 2

Der Wacht-Thurm und Oeffentlicher Anzeiger




Marylandische Teutsche Zeitung






Mentioned in Reading Adler, March 12, 1822.

Baltimore: F. T. Hanzische2

Also have seen the dates as 1822-1829. 

Continued in 1835 as the Maryland Staatszeitung.

Der Freisinnige Beobachter



Editor:  Johann T. Hanzsche and Gustav A. Neumann


About 1840 name was changed to Bürgerfreund.

Bayerisches Wochenblatt

Prior to 1848

Weekly 1880-1919

Baltimore:  Editor:  Louis Heise, Arthur M. Bommel, Otto Stutzbach, Joseph A. Heisch


Note: ([Baltimore: s.n.])

The Bayerisches Wochenblatt merged with Deutsche Correspondent (Baltimore: 1848) to form the Baltimore Correspondent (Baltimore: 1919). 2



Daily 1847-1918

Weekly 1841-1843

Tri-Weekly 1843-1844

Daily 1844

Tri-Weekly 1844-1847

As Baltimore Correspondent

Weekly 1919

Semi weekly 1920-1935

Baltimore-Note: It was also published as Wochentliche Deutsche Correspondent. Other editions include Deutsche Correspondent (Baltimore: 1841). The newspaper merged with Bayerisches Wochenblatt (Baltimore) to form the Baltimore Correspondent (Baltimore: 1919). 2

Founded by Frederich Raine (see profile), from Westphalia Germany.  He was 18.

The Deutsch Correspondent was one of the most successful enterprises in Baltimore.  It was the first German newspaper that made both foreign and domestic news its primary focus.  It began at the corner of Baltimore and Holliday Streets, then to West Baltimore St., to its permanent location at Baltimore and Post Office Avenue (now Custom House Alley).

Currently being digitized at the Maryland Historical Society.  Frederick Raine also served on the City Council and was U.S. Consul in Berlin (1885-1889)

Note:  In 1872 and 1876 on the days of the national election, the Deutsche Correspondent was published in thirteen languages-English, German, Low German, Dutch, French, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Danish, Bohemian, Hebrew, Latin and Anglo-African-a feat in journalism seldom excelled. Source:  History of Baltimore City and County, John Thomas Scharf, 1881.

Der Demokrat


Weekly and bi-weekly

Editor:  Samuel Maclea then W.E. Miller

Publisher:  J. Stimpson then Johann T. Hanzsche

Maryland Demokrat




Publisher and Editor:  J.C. Koch

Katholische Kirchenseitung




Editor: Maximilian Oertel

Täglicher Maryland Demokrat



Editor:  Karl J. Koch

Publisher:  Wilhelm Raine, Jr.

Baltimore Herald


Bi-Weekly German


Baltimore Wecker


Daily, except Sunday

Baltimore-Began publication in 10-1851.

Charles Henry Schnauffer was one of the editors of the Journal, published in Mannheim, Germany, but because he was part of the German revolution of 1848-49 was compelled to abandon his country.  He died on 9-4-1854.  His widow took over the paper, which was the only Republican paper in Maryland.  The office was continuously mobbed, robbed, etc.  The son William Schnauffer took over the paper, until on April 19, 1861, the offices were completely destroyed.  The paper suspended and the proprietors fled from the city.  He returned and a succession of owners kept the paper going.


C. H. Schnauffer, by 1856-1866; William Schauffer and Wilhelm Rapp, 1866-18672, General Franz Siegel

See Täglicher Baltimore Wecker

Source:  Wikipedia

The Fatherland




The Novellen Zeitung



Issued from the office of the Deutsche Correspondent




Editor: David Einhorn (vol. 1); Johann T. Hanzsche (vol. 2-6) and C. Schneidereith (vol. 7).  The most important Jewish publication of the German Americans. 

Die Katholische Volks-Zeitung



Published by Kreuzer Brothers and edited by John Schmidt.  It received wide circulation throughout the U.S.
First Saturday, May 8, 1860 

Baltimore: J. & C. Kreuzer2

Täglicher Baltimore Wecker


Daily, except Sunday


It was also published as Baltimore Wecker. Other editions include a weekly edition, Wochenblatt des Baltimore Wecker (Baltimore: weekly); and a Sunday edition, Baltimore Wecker: Sonntags-Blatt (Baltimore: 1874). The newspaper continues the Baltimore Wecker (Baltimore: 1851).

Baltimore: Schnauffer & Rapp2

Main paper of the 48ers.

Der Neue Correspondent


Daily, except Sunday


Founded by E.H. Makk, Rudolph Worsch, G. Faul and Paul Scholvien (all from Deutsche Correspondent). Edward Leyh took the place of Dr. Makk.  The name was changed to the Maryland Staatszeitung.

Die Biene von Baltimore



Baltimore-This was a German Sunday School paper and was first published by S. Juner and M. Muller.

also- Baltimore Volksfreund und Biene2

Baltimore Wecker: Sonntags-Blatt




Blumenthal & Co. 2

Baltimore Journal



Weekly edition 1885-1904

“Baltimore Journal Weekly Edition”


Proceedings of the Maryland Senate 1900 (Vol. 96, pg. 12)
I did insert the following advertisement for proposals for the State printing for ten successive days,beginning on the 11th day of August, 1899, in "The sun," "The Baltimore American," and "The Baltimore Journal” (published in the German language) three daily newspapers published in the city of Baltimore

Publisher:  Journalisten Publikations Gesellschaft.

“Die Neue Zeit”


‘Sonntags Post”


Publisher:  Journalisten Publikations Gesellschaft.

Cumberland Freie Presse



Founded by August Trappe and John Pruess (see profiles)

Publisher (1901) German Publishing Company



Deutsche Korrespondent’s Sunday edition


Der Deutsch Amerikaner



Editor:  Louis Michel

Change of name in 1906 to German-American

Baltimore Correspondent


Weekly -1919

Semi Weekly 1920-1935

Title history based on November 6, 1929 [Jahrg. 88, nr. 88]. Other editions include the Sonntagsblatt des Baltimore Correspondent (Baltimore: 1929).[5] The newspaper was formed by the union of Bayerisches Wochenblatt (Baltimore) and and was continued by Baltimore Correspondent (Baltimore: 1935). 2

Sold in 1930 to Val. J. Peter and issued as Täglicher Baltimore Correspondent.

Täglicher Baltimore Correspondent




German Life Magazine



1068 National Highway, LaVale, MD 21502.  Normally only one article appears in the German language.  The remainder of the magazine is written in English.

Note:  in 1787, the printer of Fredericktown was ordered by the House of Delegates to translate into German language the proceedings of the Committee on
Federal Constitution and to print 300 copies to be equally distributed in Frederick, Washington and Baltimore counties.

[1] The First Century of German Printing in America 1728-1830

2 Maryland Archives-Maryland Newspapers-

A considerable number of Germans settled at this place and vicinity at an early date. In 1793 there was a German paper published at Frederick under the title of Der General Staatsbote. It is probable that this is the same paper or a continuation of the one mentioned above. The history of the early German press in Maryland is by no means clear.

3 J. Thomas Sharff, History of Western Maryland, I


*That Matthias Bartgis published a German paper in "Friederich Stadt" at this time, appears from a notice found in his "Maryland Chronicle and Universal Advertiser" of January 18, 1786,

quoted in Scharff's History ofWestern Maryland, vol. 1, p. 528, as follows: " 1 purpose, should sufficient encouragement offer, to establish a Post from this place to Winchester, to carry my English and German News Papers to Funk's Town, Hager's Town, Sharpsburg, Shephard's Town, Martinsburg and Winchester."

There are no data to show how long Bartgis' paper was published.


Publisher Information:

Baltimore, Samuel Saur, 1795—1808 (?). George

Keating, 1796. Christian Cleim, 1808—1809. Magill & Cleim,

1810—1811. Wm. Warner, 1814—1818. Schaffer & Maundy

1816—1820. Johann T. Hanzsche, 1821—1830.


Friedrichstadt, (Frederick) Md. Matthias Bartgis, 1779—

1809. C. T. Melsheimer, 1811. M. Bartgis. 1821.


Hagerstown, Md. Johann Gruber, 1795—1810. Jacob D.

Dietrich, ,1806. Gruber & May, 181 1—1830.

Early German American Papers. 105 (1911), Daniel Miller
Following Is the number of German papers, many being dailies, published in the several states: Alabama 2, Arkansas 3, California 10, Colorado 2, Connecticut 5, Delaware I, District of Columbia i, Florida i, Georgia 2, Illinois 66, Indiana 17, Iowa 39, Kansas 10, Kentucky 6, Louisiana I, Maryland 7 (all in Baltimore), Massachusetts 6, Michigan 15, Minnesota 16, Missouri 31, Montana i, Nebraska 15, New Jersey 18, New York 50, North Dakota 11, Ohio 64, Oklahoma 3, Oregon 3, Pennsylvania 43, Rhode Island i. South Carolina 1. South Dakota 5, Tennessee 3, Texas 23, Utah i, Virginia 2 (both in Richmond), Washington 5, West Virginia 2 (both in Wheeling), Wisconsin 71. In the following eleven states and territories no German papers are published: Alaska, Arizona, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, Vermont.


For a complete list of papers, periodicals and books printed in the German language in Maryland see “German Printing in Maryland’ A Checklist 1768-1950, By Felix Reichmann, SHGM, Vol. 27 (1950)

[1] The First Century of German Printing in America 1728-1830

[2] Maryland Archives-Maryland Newspapers

[3] An ad in the Baltimore Intelligencer, January 26, 1799, states that Samuel Saur will again publish a German newspaper, Baltimore Postbote. 

[4] J. Thomas Sharff, History of Western Maryland, I

[5] E.E. Miller, The Hundred Year History of the German Correspondent

Subpages (1): Der Wecker