Hebrew Orphan Home

The Hebrew Orphan Asylum was built in 1875.  The orphanage actually began operations in 1872 at the Calverton Mansion.  It was founded by German Jewish immigrants.  The land was donated by Mr. & Mrs. William Rayner.  It was located at Rayner Avenue near Dukeland in the Calverton area.  Initially it sheltered thirty two children.  The mansion was destroyed by fire in 1874 and with donations from wealthy Jewish citizens the orphanage was built.  The building was the work of Edward Lupus (German architect) and Henry Roby. 

In 1904 an addition was made to the asylum known as the Hannah U. Cahn Memorial, erected by the late Bernard Cahn in memory of his wife.  It is used as a gymnasium.   

The Orphanage was closed in 1923.  It became West Baltimore General Hospital (1923-1945) and later was known as Lutheran Hospital of Maryland (1945-1989) (where this writer was born).

The building was listed on the US National Register of Historic Places on October 28, 2010.  The Baltimore Heritage, a nonprofit historic preservation organization made the nomination. 

While researching area orphanages, I found the officers and Superintendent of the Hebrew Orphan Society.  For the most part, the officers and past Presidents and Superintendents were German.  I pulled the 1900 census so I could do the same as above for the German Orphanage, Augsburg and St. Andrews.  I was surprised to learn that there were very few children of German heritage residing in this home.  See nativity chart below. Of the 68 children residents in 1900:

 

Child’s Birthplace

Father’s Birthplace

Mother’s Birthplace

Maryland

33

0

1

Pennsylvania

4

0

0

Virginia

2

0

0

Russia

29

60

59

Germany

0

8

7

Unknown

0

0

1

Total

68

68

68

 

First Chairman-Emanuel Hess

Presidents:

1.     J. Ulman

2.     Joel Gutman

3.     William Schloss

4.     M. J. Oppenheimer

5.     David Hutzler

6.     Leon Lauer

7.     Sidney Lansburg


Rev. Samuel Freudenthal
Superintendents:

1.     Rev. Herffman  

2.     Rev. Gabriel

3.     Rev. A. Sonn

4.     Rev. Samuel Freudenthal (1885): Rev. Freudenthal was born in 1841 in Germany and died June 1, 1910 in Baltimore.  He was married to Adaline and together they had two daughters.  He is buried at the Baltimore Hebrew Cemetery.


Source:  The Jews of Baltimore, by Isidor Blum (Historical Review Publishing Company), 1910; 1900 U.S. Federal Census Records; Weishampel's Baltimore Guide in 1896 at Calverton Heights; Wikipedia.

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