Other German Churches –All Denominations
History of Baltimore City & County; John Thomas Scharf, 1881, J.B. Lippencott & Company, publishers, Philadelphia PA.
Broadway M.E. Church (German)
The church as organized by Rev. A. Miller. The first location of the church was on the corner of Lombard and Bond Streets. The cornerstone was laid on October 10, 1844 and the building dedicated by Bishop Waugh on the 26th of January, 1845. In September 1849, the board of trustees sold the building to Rev. Robert Piggott for the purpose of an Episcopal Church and moved their congregation to Ann Street, south of Eastern Avenue. The cornerstone was laid for the new church on June 5, 1854 and the dedication on April 22, 1855.
Fifth German Reformed Church
The first church was situated on Canton Avenue, east of Broadway and was dedicated on October 3, 1858. The church was seriously damaged by fire on November 8, 1866 and rebuilt on March 17, 1867, by Rev. Grimm. The pastor in 1881 was Rev. Marcus Bachman. He served the church from 1864 until another serious fire damaged the church in 1904. The last service to be held at this church was February 7, 1904. The property was sold. Several years ago, when searching for the church that married my Great-grandparents, which was the Fifth German Reformed, the building was being used for a ‘Good Will’ center. On July 4, 2010, the church was found not being used at all.
First Evangelical Church
The original site was at the corner of Eutaw and Camden Streets. The building being dedicated on December 12, 1841. It was dedicated as the German Evangelical Emmanuel church. The church was destroyed by fire on December 14, 1851, but reconstruction began the following spring. During reconstruction, however, the property was purchased by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company in July 1852. A corner lot at Greene Street and Cider Alley was purchased and a new church erected in the latter part of 1852. The pastor in 1881 was Rev. John Koehl.
First German New Jerusalem Church
The church was situated at Lombard Street, near Lloyd Street and was organized in 1854. The congregation was under the charge of Rev. A.O. Brickman and at first worshipped in the church of the English New Jerusalem Society, then situated at the corner of Baltimore and Exeter Streets. In a few years, the congregation grew and became so strong, they needed a building of their own. The cornerstone was laid on July 4, 1857 and the building dedicated on October 4, 1857. In 1861, Rev. Brickman resigned and the Rev. L. Carriere took the helm. Mr. Brickman resumed the charge in 1864 and was followed by Rev. P.J. Faber in 1875. Rev. Faber was succeeded in 1880 by Rev. A. Roeder.
German Evangelical Lutheran Concordia Church
Established in 1893 when a church was erected at Walbrook Avenue, near Payson Street, this church was first led by Rev. J.J. Burkhart and later by Rev. L. Brendel. There were over 200 families associated to this church, but information is slim.
German Evangelical Lutheran Church of Peace
The Rev. George Albrecht, a native of Braunschweig, Germany, formed this church February 5, 1892. It was organized as a Mission of the General Synod of the Lutheran Church. The congregation rented and later purchased the old Shaffer M.E. church located then on Gough Street near Washington. The property was improved with a parsonage added in 1894. In 1892, Rev. Albrecht resigned to take an appointment with the missionaries in India. The Rev. Richard Schmidt was his replacement. Rev. Schmidt was the pastor of St. Matthew's German Lutheran Church in Hagerstown. The regular worship was conducted in German, but provisions were made in the constitution for the use of English whenever a majority of the members felt it was advisable.
German Evangelical Lutheran Jerusalem Church
The congregation was founded in the suburbs of Gardenville about 1845. It is located on Belair Avenue. It was a two story brick building with Sunday School rooms housed below the church. The membership was at one time very large. The pastor in 1895 was Rev. Mr. Ruff.
German Evangelical Lutheran Zion's Church
This church was located on Canton Street (now Fleet Street) in Canton and was built in approximately 1870 under the administration of Rev. Dr. A. Schwartz. It was a brick building with a good parachial school building also owned by the congregation. There was also a parsonage. At one time (turn of the last century) there were over 200 families associated with this church.
German Reformed Church of Peace
On March 13, 1893 the church was organized. The Rev. Henry Wieger was the first pastor. A lot was purchased in 1893 at the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Cumberland Street on which the church was dedicated in 1894. The ground and building cost approximately $15,000.
Harford Avenue M.E. German Chapel
This was a mission house of the Broadway German Church and was situated on the corner of Harford Avenue and Federal Street. The cornerstone of the chapel was laid on August 5, 1873 an the church dedicated in October 1873.
Light Street German M.E. Church
The church was on Light Street above West and was dedicated on August 3, 1873. The congregation was organizaed in 1868.
Pennsylvania Avenue M.E. Church (German)
The church then located at the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and Mosher Street was founded in 1847 by the Rev. Mr. Brenner, and the erection of the church building begun in 1848. The basement was dedicated on November 26, 1848 and the entire building on December 9, 1849. It was formerly known as the Western German Mission. In 1873 the old building was demolished and on March 1, 1874 a new building dedicated.
St. Johannes’ German Reformed Church
The first building was at North Calvert Street near Saratoga and Lexington and was organized in June 1845. It was purchased from the Baptists for $5,500. The pastor was Rev. C. Borchers. (Another source states that the first pastor was Rev. John Kessler). Another early minister was Rev. P. Weinand (1895).
St. John’s German Evangelical Lutheran Church-Baltimore
Located on Biddle Street, near Pennsylvania Avenue, this church had its humble beginnings as the late Rev. Father Heier began to preach in a small frame chapel in 1847.
About a year later, Rev. G.H. Brandau was named the pastor of the church and in 1853 the new church was built and dedicated on December 18 of that year. In 1895, the membership numbered 700.
Pastors of St. John’s
Rev. Father Heier
Rev. G.H. Brandau 1847-1869
Rev. J. Muller 1869-1873
Rev. B. Sickel 1873-1873
Rev. N. Burkhart 1874
The church is situated at the corner of Broadway and Fairmount Avenue. It was organized on November 3, 1867 by about sixty heads of families. The congregation began worshipping at Powhatan Hall on the corner of Pratt and Bond Streets. The church was dedicated on August 14, 1870. The first pastor was W.F. Seeger.
The congregation was associated with the Maryland Synod until November, 1873, when it connected with the Joint Synod of Ohio and adjacent States. The church had over 600 communicants at the end of the last century.
(photos at left courtesy K. Weber)
Rev. W.F. Seeger 1870
Rev. Hermann Veith 1870-1873
Rev. John Hoerr 1873
St. Luke’s German Evangelical Lutheran Church
This church was an offshoot of St. Stephen’s and was organized in 1864 by Rev. L.F. Zimmermann. The congregation originally worshipped at the chapel on Henrietta Street near Eutaw. The cornerstone of the church was laid on May 27, 1866 and dedicated on December 26, 1866. The early pastor was Rev. John Keller.
St. Matthew’s German Lutheran Church-Washington County
The St. Matthew's German Lutheran Church on Antietam Street, was founded in 1871, and the congregation was organized on June 19th of that year. Work was commenced on the church during the next fall, and the edifice was completed in the spring, the dedication of the church occurred on May 26, 1872. The first church council was as follows: Lewis Heist, Y. Maisack, William Schlotterbeck, Christian Thomas, Jacob Schneider, Wolfgang Brey, Henry Darnberger, Peter Rauth, G. Grebncr, John Brey. The first pastor was Rev. J. J. Dietrich, who was succeeded by Rev. C. Steinhauer.
After him came Rev. J. G. Reitz, who immediately preceded the present pastor. Rev. G. H. Brandon.
St. Paul’s (English) Reformed Church
This was an offshoot of the Third Reformed and could have been established due to the language issue and therefore the ‘English’ in its title. It began as a Sunday School that was organized on Pennsylvania Avenue near Townsend Street in 1872. A little later services were held at Cook's Hall, which was located on the southeast corner of Baltimore and Calhoun Streets, which is where the congregation was organized in 1878. The church purchased the Northwest Mission church on Lexington Street near Carrollton Avenue in 1879. Some of the early pastors included Rev. M.L. Firor, the Rev. W.J. Johnson, Rev. Frank Lambadder and Rev. Lloyd E. Coblentz. The church helped to establish four missions in the late 1890s.
St. Peter’s German Evangelical Lutheran Church
The church was located at the corner of Fayette and East Streets. The cornerstone was laid on March 28, 1875. Early pastor, Rev. C.A. Schloegle. We were unable to find the church on July 4, 2010. There are several factories and residential streets.
St. Peter's German Independent Lutheran Church
A brick church owned by the Baptists on the corner of Eager and Broadway was the beginning of this congregation in 1886. On November 28, 1886, the new congregation was organized by the Rev. Dr. Kaessman, who was succeeded a few years later by Rev. W. Batz. The congregation grew and pastor Batz was succeeded by the Rev. Jacob Burkhart.
St. Thomas German Evangelical Lutheran Church
The influence of Rev. William Dallman led the Conference of Pastors of the Missouri Synod in Baltimore to begin a mission in 1889. The mission grew rapidly and they erected a church at the corner of Pulaski and Mary Ann Streets. The building, a large brick building and in it's prime the church was home to 325 members (1895).
The Emmanuel or Sixth German Reformed
This was also an offshoot of the Fourth German Reformed, also called the Second Street Church. The congregation worshipped for a time at a Hall (China Hall) on West Baltimore Street, but in June 1868 dedicated their own new church building on the northwest corner of Saratoga and Schroeder Streets. The Rev. John Voegeling was the first pastor and the pastor in 1881 was Rev. J. Conrad Hauser.
Third Reformed Church
Church located at Paca and Saratoga Streets was an offshoot of the Second Street Church (First Reformed). The church was dedicated on February 2, 1845 and the Pastor was Rev. Dr. Wolff. Another early pastor was Rev. C. Clever.
When we went to look for the church on July 4, 2010, we found a parking lot opposite the St. Jude Shrine.